The population of Bohol Province has reached the million marks in the year 2000. As per Census 2010, Bohol has a population of 1,255,128. It has 242,307 households with an average household size of 5.1.
The population density of Bohol has rapidly grown by 34 persons square kilometer from 242 in 1995 to 276 in 2000. This figure is comparatively very much higher than the growth of national population density by 2 persons only from 253 to 255 persons per square kilometer during the same period. This means that spatial requirement of the population is also rapidly going higher while the land area of the province remains the same at 4117.3 square kilometers.
From 1990 to 2000, the Province registered an annual growth rate of 1.83 percent. However, over a span of 5 years (1995-2000), the annual growth rate drastically increased to 2.92 percent, higher than the national growth rate of 2.36 percent. Given the growth rate of 2.92%, the doubling time of Bohol’s population is 24 years.
Life expectancy at birth for the Boholano is estimated at 68.19 for the males and 72.93 for the females for the period 2000-2005, Compared with the other provinces in Central Visayas, this is lower than that estimated for Cebu but higher compared to Negros Oriental and Siquijor.
The Report on the Trend of Vital Health Events for CY 2000 of the Provincial Health Office (PHO) of Bohol showed that there is an increasing, though fluctuating, trend of growth rate or natural increases in population due to crude births, crude deaths, infant mortality, and maternal mortality cases, as follows: 1996 – 1.75%; 1997 – 1.86%; 1998 – 2.07%; 1999 – 1.87%; and 2000 – 1.97%. Over the 5-year period, the average rate of natural increase is 1.35 percent of which the highest rate is in 1998 at 2.07 percent.